In "The Righteous Mind", the author presents Moral Foundations Theory which includes 6 areas used universally by all cultures and social groups to determine what is right and wrong.
- Care/Harm - Be nice to others and don't hurt them
- Fairness/Cheating - Be fair in how you treat others and don't cheat
- Liberty/oppression - Respect others rights and don't be a bully
- Loyalty/betrayal - Be loyal to your "group" (family, friends, etc.)
- Authority/subversion - Respect your leaders. Don't put up with bullies or dictators.
- Sanctity/degradation - Be clean, avoid filth.
Scout OathOn my honor, I will do my best
[Fairness]To do my duty to God and my country and to obey the Scout Law;
To help other people at all times;
To keep myself physically strong, mentally awake and morally straight.
I'm sure "Liberty" fits in their somewhere.
Scout LawA Scout is:
Scout SloganDo a good turn daily
This fits into "Care" and "Fairness"
"Leave No Trace"This principle is to leave the outdoors the same as you found it. I always taught that we should leave it better than we found it, for example, pick up any litter that you or the previous visitors left behind.
"Leave No Trace" is a great example of Sanctity, or respecting the sanctity of nature.
Boy Scout LeadershipThe Boy Scouts provides leadership opportunities for boys. They experience many roles and responsibilities as they go through the program. The Scout Master and other adult leaders are there just to make sure that the boys are executing the program correctly. It is a great example of the "Authority" Moral Foundation as it is training benevolent leaders.
When a persons moral values are opposed to authority, it is usually oppressive authority, not the kind that the Boy Scouts promotes (I'm sure there are exceptions to the rule).